5e:Race

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See Race (disambiguation)

Also see: SRD5:Race

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Race is a term in Dungeons & Dragons 5e that refers to the species of player characters.

Racial Traits

The description of each race includes racial traits that are common to members of that race. The following entries appear among the traits of most races. [1]

Alignment

Most races have tendencies toward certain alignments, described in this entry. These are not binding for player characters, but considering why your dwarf is chaotic, for example, in defiance of lawful dwarf society can help you better define your character. [1]

Size

Characters of most races are Medium, a size category including creatures that are roughly 4 to 8 feet tall. Members of a few races are Small (between 2 and 4 feet tall), which means that certain rules of the game affect them differently. The most important of these rules is that Small characters have trouble wielding heavy weapons, as explained in “Weapons.” [1]

Speed

Your speed determines how far you can move when traveling ( “Adventuring”) and fighting (“Combat”).[1]

Languages

By virtue of your race, your character can speak, read, and write certain languages.[1]

Subraces

Some races have subraces. Members of a subrace have the traits of the parent race in addition to the traits specified for their subrace. Relationships among subraces vary significantly from race to race and world to world. [1]

Design Note: Changes to Racial Traits

In 2020, the book Tasha's Cauldron of Everything introduced the option to customize several of your character’s racial traits, specifically the Ability Score Increase trait, the Language trait, and traits that give skill, armor, weapon, or tool proficiencies.

Following in that book’s footsteps, the race options in future D&D books lack the Ability Score Increase trait, the Language trait, the Alignment trait, and any other trait that is purely cultural. Racial traits henceforth reflect only the physical or magical realities of being a player character who’s a member of a particular lineage. Such traits include things like darkvision, a breath weapon (as in the dragonborn), or innate magical ability (as in the forest gnome). Such traits don’t include cultural characteristics, like language or training with a weapon or a tool, and the traits also don’t include an alignment suggestion, since alignment is a choice for each individual, not a characteristic shared by a lineage.

Finally, going forward, the term “race” in D&D refers only to the suite of game features used by player characters. Said features don’t have any bearing on monsters and NPCs who are members of the same species or lineage, since monsters and NPCs in D&D don’t rely on race or class to function. Moreover, DMs are empowered to customize the features of the creatures in their game as they wish. [2]


List of Races

56 official and unofficial races.

Race Abilities Size Speed Darkvision Features Summary Source Notes Source
Aarakocra Dexterity +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 25 ft., flying 50 ft. Flight, Talons Aarakocra are winged humanoids that can fly. Canon, Pointer Player's Companion Elemental Evil
Aasimar Charisma +2 Medium 30 ft. Celestial Resistance, Healing Hands, Light Bearer Half-human, half-celestial. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Bugbear Strength +2, Dexterity +1 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Long-Limbed, Powerful Build, Sneaky, Surprise Attack Bugbear as a race Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Centaur Strength +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 40 ft. Fey, Charge, Hooves, Equine Build, Survivor Centaur as playable race Canon, Pointer Varied
Changeling +1 to an ability of your choice and Charisma +2 Medium 30 ft. Shapechanger, Changeling Instincts Changelings are shapeshifters, appearing as any other humanoid at will. Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Chromatic Dragonborn Increase one ability score by 2and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1. Medium 30 ft. Chromatic Ancestry, Breath Weapon, Draconic Resistance, Draconic Warding Pointer, UA UA 2021 Draconic Options
Dhampir +2 to one of choice and +1 to a different one of choice  Medium or Small 35 ft. Spider Climb, Vampiric Bite Quasi-vampire Pointer, UA UA 2021 Gothic Lineages
Dragonborn Strength +2, Charisma +1 Medium 30 ft. Draconic Ancestry, Breath Weapon, Damage Resistance Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Duskken Dexterity +1, Constitution +1 Medium 30 feet ft. 60 feet Shadewalk, Shadow Stealth, Undead Heritage Undead shadows from the Shadowfell turned humanoid User Creation Rlyehable
Dwarf Increase one ability score by 2, or two different ability scores by 1. Medium 25 ft. 60 feet Dwarven Resilience, Dwarven Combat Training, Tool Proficiency, Stonecunning Varied
Dwarf Constitution +2 Medium 25 ft. 60 feet Dwarven Resilience, Dwarven Combat Training, Tool Proficiency, Stonecunning Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Elf Dexterity +2 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Keen Senses, Fey Ancestry, Trance Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Fairy 'Increase one ability score by 2 and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1.' Small 30 ft. Fairy Flight, Fairy Magic, Fey Passage Pointer, UA UA 2021 Folk of the Feywild
Firbolg Strength +1, Wisdom +2 Medium 30 ft. Firbolg Magic, Hidden Step, Powerful Build, Speech of Beast and Leaf A race of big humanoids related to the fey. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Gem Dragonborn Increase one ability score by 2and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1. Medium 30 ft. Gem Ancestry, Breath Weapon, Draconic Resistance, Psionic Mind Pointer, UA UA 2021 Draconic Options
Genasi Constitution +2 Medium 30 ft. Descended from genies. Canon, Pointer Princes of the Apocalypse
Giff Strength +2, Constitution +1 Medium 30 ft. ft. Firearms Knowledge, Militant, Gunpowder Knowledge, Headlong Charge User Creation Rlyehable
Gith Intelligence +1 Medium ft. Once slaves of the mind flayers, after their revolt, they split into two warring factions, the Githyanki and the Githzerai. Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Gnoll Strength +1, Dexterity +2 Medium 30 feet ft. 60 feet Rampage, Bite User Creation Rlyehable
Gnome Intelligence +2 Small 25 ft. 60 feet Gnome Cunning Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Goblin Dexterity +2, Constitution +1 Small 30 ft. 60 feet Fury of the Small, Nimble Escape Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Goliath Strength +2, Constitution +1 Medium 30 ft. Natural Athlete, Stone's Endurance, Powerful Build, Mountain Born A race of big humanoids related to the fey. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Grung Dexterity +2, Constitution +1 Small 25 ft., climb 25 feet Aboreal Alertness, Amphibious, Poison Immunity, Poisonous Skin, Standing Leap, Water Dependency Canon, Pointer One Grung Above
Half-Elf Choice of two other ability scores increase +1, Charisma +2 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Fey Ancestry, Skill Versatility Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Half-Orc Strength +2, Constitution +1 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Menacing, Relentless Endurance, Savage Attacks Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Halfling Dexterity +2 Small 25 ft. Lucky, Brave, Halfling Nimbleness Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Hexblood +2 to one of choice and +1 to a different one of choice  Medium or Small 30 ft. Fey Resilience, Hex Magic, Magic Token Proto-hag Pointer, UA UA 2021 Gothic Lineages
Feywild Hobgoblin 'Increase one ability score by 2 and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1.' Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Fey Ancestry, Fey Gift, Fortune from the Many Pointer, UA UA 2021 Folk of the Feywild
Hobgoblin Constitution +2, Intelligence +1 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Martial Training, Saving Face Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Human Your ability scores each increase by +1.  Medium 30 ft. Most numerous of the civilized humanoids. Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Kalashtar Wisdom +2, Charisma +1 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Dual Mind, Mental Discipline, Mind Link, Severed from Dreams Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Kenku Dexterity +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 30 ft. Expert Forgery, Kenku Training, Mimicry Flightless, anthropoid bird people Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Kobold Strength -2, Dexterity +2 Small 30 ft. 60 feet Grovel, Cower, and Beg, Pack Tactics, Sunlight Sensitivity Kobold as playable race. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Kobold Increase one ability score by 2and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1. Small 30 ft. 60 feet Draconic Legacy, Draconic Roar Pointer, UA UA 2021 Draconic Options
Kuo-toa Strength +1, Constitution +1 Intelligence +1 Medium 30 ft., swim 30 ft. 120 ft. feet Amphibious Nature, Otherworldly Perception, Slippery, Sunlight Sensitivity, Martial Training, Madness Unofficial conversion of 5e monster Kuo-toa. User Creation Rlyehable
Leonin Strength +1, Constitution +2 Medium 35 ft. 60 feet Claws, Hunter's Instincts, Daunting Roar Lion-like humanoids Canon, Pointer Mythic Odysseys of Theros
Lizardfolk Constitution +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 30 ft. Bite, Cunning Artisan, Hold Breath, Hunter's Lore, Natural Armor, Hungry Jaws Lizardlike humanoid. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Loxodon Constitution +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 30 ft. Powerful Build, Loxodon Serenity, Natural Armor, Trunk, Keen Smell Lizardlike humanoid. Canon, Pointer Guildmasters' Guide to Ravnica
Metallic Dragonborn Increase one ability score by 2and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1. Medium 30 ft. Metallic Ancestry, Breath Weapon, Draconic Resistance, Metallic Breath Weapon Pointer, UA UA 2021 Draconic Options
Minotaur Strength +2, Constitution +1 Medium 30 ft. Horns, Goring Rush, Hammering Horns, Imposing Presence Minotaur as playable race Canon, Pointer Guildmasters' Guide to Ravnica
Orc Strength +2, Constitution +1 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Aggressive, Menacing, Powerful Build Orc as playable race Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Owlfolk Increase one ability score by 2 and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1. Medium or Small 30 ft., You can also fly 30 ft. 90 feet Magic Sight, Nimble Flight, Silent Feathers Pointer, UA UA 2021 Folk of the Feywild
Phanaton Dexterity +2, Wisdom +1 Small 25 ft., They can also Climb 25 ft. and Fly 40 ft. (see Glide trait) Glide, Stealthy, Skilled User Creation Rlyehable
Rabbitfolk 'Increase one ability score by 2 and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1.' Medium or Small 30 ft. Hare-Trigger, Leporine Senses, Lucky Footwork, Rabbit Hop Your lineage is of rabbit-like humanoids from the feywild. Pointer, UA UA 2021 Folk of the Feywild
Reborn ft. Pointer, UA UA 2021 Gothic Lineages
Satyr Dexterity +1, Charisma +2 Medium 35 ft. Ram, Magic Reistance, Daunting Roar, Mirthful Leaps, Reveler Goat-legged humanoids Canon, Pointer Mythic Odysseys of Theros
Shifter Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Shifting Humans with lycanthrope heritage Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Simic Hybrid +1 to choice of one and Constitution +2 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Animal Enhancement Magically gene-spliced humanoids Canon, Pointer Guildmasters' Guide to Ravnica
Tabaxi Dexterity +2, Charisma +1 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Feline Agility, Cat's Claws, Cat's Talent Anthropomorphic cat-people. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Tiefling Intelligence +1, Charisma +2 Medium 30 ft. 30 feet Hellish Resistance, Infernal Legacy Humanoids descended from humans and fiends. Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Tortle Strength +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 30 ft. Claws, Hold Breath, Natural Armor, Shell Defense, Survival Instinct Turtle people Canon, Pointer Tortle Package
Triton Strength +1, Constitution +1 Charisma +1 Medium 30 ft., swimming 30 feet '"`UNIQ--ref-00000000-QINU`"' 60 feet feet Amphibious, Control Air and Water, Emissary of the Sea, Guardian of the Depths Aquatic humanoids with bluish skin and green hair. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Vedalken Intelligence +2, Wisdom +1 Medium 30 ft. Vedalken Dispassion, Tireless Precision, Partially Amphibious Blue, hairless humanoids Canon, Pointer Guildmasters' Guide to Ravnica
Warforged +1 to one abilility of choice and Constitution +2 Medium 30 ft. Constructed Resilience, Sentry's Rest, Integrated Protection, Specialized Design Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Wildfolk 'Increase one ability score by 2 and another one by 1, or increase three different ability scores by 1.' Medium or Small 25 ft. Beast Inheritance, Bestal Attack, Natural Armor User Creation Rlyehable
Yuan-ti Pureblood Intelligence +1, Charisma +2 Medium 30 ft. 60 feet Innate Spellcasting, Magic Resistance, Poison Immunity Yuan-ti Pureblood as playable race. Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters

Subraces and Variants

Subrace is the classified variations within a race (see above).
Variant describes a variation of the race (but usually not classified socially).

List of Subaces

51 official and unofficial races.

Race Subrace Abilities Size
Change
Speed
Change
Darkvision
(if change)
Features Source Notes Source
Aasimar Fallen Aasimar Strength +1 Necrotic Shroud Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Aasimar Protector Aasimar Wisdom +1 Radiant Soul Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Aasimar Scourge Aasimar Constitution +1 Radiant Consumption Canon, Pointer Volo's Guide to Monsters
Centaur Race Foloi Centaur No change from parent race  Large 40 ft. ft. Large Centaur Build, Hybrid Size, Unstealthy, Custom Barding User Creation Rlyehable
Dragonborn Yellow Dragonborn Draconic Heritage User Creation Rlyehable
Duskken Epperi Intelligence +1 Innate Spellcaster, Knowledgeable User Creation Rlyehable
Duskken Mubrai Charisma +1 Persuasive, Charismatic User Creation Rlyehable
Duskken Sandbru Wisdom +1 Skillful, Strong Willed User Creation Rlyehable
Dwarf Gray Dwarf Strength +1 120 ft. Superior Darkvision, Extra Language, Duergar Resilience, Duergar Magic, Sunlight Sensitivity Canon, Pointer Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide
Dwarf Hill Dwarf Wisdom +1 Dwarven Toughness Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Dwarf Mountain Dwarf Strength +2 Dwarven Armor Training Canon, Pointer Player's Handbook (5e)
Dwarf Sand Dwarf Dexterity +1 30 ft. ft. Sandblasted, Survivors, Quick User Creation Rlyehable
Elf Drow Charisma +1 120 ft. Superior Darkvision, Sunlight Sensitivity, Drow Magic, Drow Weapon Training Canon, Pointer Player's Handbook (5e)
Elf Eladrin Charisma +1 Fey Step Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Elf High Elf Intelligence +1 Elf Weapon Training, Cantrip Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Elf Lythari Wisdom +1 Lycan Polymorph User Creation Rlyehable
Elf Sea Elf Constitution +1 30 feet. swim 30 ft. ft. Sea Elf Training, Child of the Sea, Friend of the Sea, Extra Language Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Elf Shadar-kai Constitution +1 Necrotic Resistance, Blessing of the Raven Queen Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Elf T'killi Strength +1 T'killi Martial Training, Skillful, Dry Lands Adapted, Languages User Creation Rlyehable
Elf Wood Elf Wisdom +1 35 ft. ft. Elf Weapon Training, Fleet of Foot, Mask of the Wild Canon, Pointer Player's Handbook (5e)
Genasi Air Genasi Dexterity +1 Unending Breath, Mingle with the Wind Canon, Pointer Princes of the Apocalypse
Genasi Earth Genasi Strength +1 Earth Walk, Merge with Stone Canon, Pointer Princes of the Apocalypse
Genasi Fire Genasi Intelligence +1 60 ft. Fire Resistance, Reach to the Blaze Canon, Pointer Princes of the Apocalypse
Genasi Water Genasi Wisdom +1 Acid Resistance, Amphibious, Swim, Call to the Wave Canon, Pointer Princes of the Apocalypse
Gith Githyanki Strength +2 Decadent Mastery, Martial Prodigy, Githyanki Psionics Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Gith Githyzerai Wisdom +2 Mental Discipline, Githzerai Psionics Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Gnome Deep Gnome Dexterity +1 120 ft. Superior Darkvision, Stone Camouflage, Extra Language Canon, Pointer Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide
Gnome Forest Gnome Dexterity +1 Natural Illusionist, Speak with Small Beasts Canon, Pointer Player's Handbook (5e)
Gnome Rock Gnome Constitution +1 Artificer’s Lore, Tinker Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Gnome Rock Gnome Alt Constitution +1 Artificer’s Lore, Artificer Talent User Creation Rlyehable
Halfling Ghostwise Wisdom +1 Silent Speech Canon, Pointer Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide
Halfling Lightfoot Charisma +1 Naturally Stealthy Canon SRD-OGL v5.1
Halfling Longshanks Choice of one: Strength +1 Wisdom +1 Medium Stealthy, Longstride, Less Nimble, Racial Weapons Training User Creation Rlyehable
Halfling Stout Constitution +1 Stout Resilience Canon, Pointer Player's Handbook (5e)
Human Human Variant Two of choice by +1 (Replaces Human Ability Score Increase)   Skills, Feat Canon, Pointer Player's Handbook (5e)
Shifter Beasthide Strength +1 Constitution +2 Natural Athlete, Shifting Feature Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Shifter Longtooth Strength +2 Dexterity +1 Fierce, Shifting Feature Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Shifter Swiftstride Dexterity +2 Charisma +1 40 ft. ft. Graceful, Shifting Feature Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Shifter Wildhunt Dexterity +1 Wisdom +2 40 ft. ft. Natural Tracker, Shifting Feature Canon, Pointer Eberron Rising from the Last War
Tiefling Abyssal Tiefling This replaces +1 Int in SRD5 version Constitution +1 Abyssal Arcana, Abyssal Fortitude Pointer, UA UA That Old Black Magic
Tiefling Asmodeus Tiefling no change from SRD version  Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Baalzebul Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score Increase Intelligence +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Maladomini Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Dispater Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseDexterity +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Dis Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Feral Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseDexterity +2 Intelligence +1 Appearance, One of Devil's Tongue, Hellfire, or Winged Canon, Pointer Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide
Tiefling Fierna Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseWisdom +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Phlegethos Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Glasya Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseDexterity +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Malgolge Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Levistus Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseConstitution +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Stygia Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Mammon Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseIntelligence +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Minauros Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Mephistopheles Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseIntelligence +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Cania Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
Tiefling Zariel Tiefling Replaces parent Ability Score IncreaseStrength +1 Charisma +2 Legacy of Avernus Canon, Pointer Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
varied Revenant Subrace Constitution +1 Relentless Nature Pointer, UA UA Gothic Heroes